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Within Canada, there are 15 terrestrial and five marine ecozones. More than 200 mammals, 460 bird species, and a huge number of marine species inhabit the land and seas of Canada. It is an incredible country to enjoy outdoor activities from snow-capped mountains to Arctic tundra, coniferous forests, and coastal beaches. The unique landscapes and diversity of flora and fauna make wildlife tours in Canada ideal for your next holiday or adventure.
Canada makes up more than 9.98 million square kilometers of North America and is the second largest country in the world in total area (including waters). It is the home of more than 37 million people and is one of the most diverse countries and multicultural nations in the world. The country is made up of 10 provinces and 3 territories and borders the United States with the world’s largest land border.
What animals can you see on a wildlife tour in Canada?
The grizzly bear is a large sized brown bear. Their size varies depending on their location and diet. On average, a female grizzly will weigh up to 180kg, while a male can weigh up to 360kg. The largest grizzly recorded weighed over 600kg. In height, they can stand up to 198cm average. Grizzly bears are not considered to be at risk of becoming endangered as of 2019.
Where to find the best wildlife tours in Canada in order to see a grizzly bear?
There is an estimated 25,000 grizzly bears in Canada throughout the provinces of British Columbia, Alberta, northern Manitoba, and the territories of Yukon, Northwest Territories, and Nunavut.
Consider taking a wildlife and polar bear adventure in Manitoba where you have the chance to join one of the best wildlife holidays in Canada.
The Kermode bear or “Spirit” bear is a species of American black bear that only exists in British Columbia. Most often found in Central and Northern Coastal BC, the spirit bear is the provincial mammal. The name “Kermode” bear comes from the former director of the Royal BC Museum, Frank Kermode, who researched the bears. The spirit bear is not an albino bear as many people have thought, but gets its coloring from a non-synonymous nucleotide substitution in the MC1R gene. This causes melanin to not be produced resulting in their white fur.
Where to go to see a spirit bear in the wild in Canada?
There is an estimated 400 spirit bears in the wild and ranging from southeastern Alaska down to northern Vancouver Island. About 120 bears inhabit Princess and Prince Royal Island and the largest concentration of the bears exist on Gribbell Island. Spirit Bear Lodge located in Klemtu is an Indigenous owned lodge dedicated to ecotourism. Find out more about Spirit Bear Lodge.
Also known as an “Elk”, the moose is the largest of the extant species in the Deer family. They are characterized by their large antlers found on the males (or bulls). The moose’s antlers are a reflection of their general health being larger and more symmetrical the healthier the bull. A bull will shed its antlers after mating season, growing a new set in 3-5 months. If a bull is castrated, it will shed its antlers and a deformed set will regrow and they will never shed again.
Where to go to see a moose in the wild in Canada?
Alberta, Quebec, Nova Scotia, and Newfoundland are some of the best places to see moose. In particular, Jasper National Park, Algonquin Provincial Park, Cape Breton Highlands National Park, and Gros Morne National Park boasts the best chance to see a moose in its natural habitat.
Giant Canada Goose
The giant Canada Goose is a subspecies of the Canada goose, weighing up to 5kg. They are differentiated from the Moffitt’s Canada goose by its larger bill to body ratio and a deeper call. They were declared extinct in the 1950s, however, in 1962 a small population was discovered in Minnesota and in recent years appears to be increasing in numbers.
Where to go to see a giant Canada goose?
The giant Canada goose is found throughout most of Canada during favourable weather. They do often migrate to warmer climates during the winter months.
Also known as the timber wolf, the gray wolf is characterized by their bushy tails that often have a black tip. The gray wolf’s size is determined by where they live, the larger wolves are found in the North. Gray wolves communicate in various ways including body language, barking, howling, scent marking, and growling. They live in packs of up to 9 members on average but can increase in some cases when prey is more plentiful.
Where is the best wildlife tour in Canada to see gray wolves?
Gray wolves in Canada are most likely found in the northern regions where the climate is more favorable. A tour in the Yukon, Northwest Territories and Nunavut would be the best destinations to see a gray wolf in the wild.
Join Tundra North Adventures on a wildlife tour in the Canadian Arctic, where you might see wolves in addition to other Arctic wildlife like the reindeer!
Canada is surrounded by 3 oceans – the Pacific, the Arctic, and Atlantic Oceans. Each ocean has a different variety of sea life, including whales that call it home. Whale watching is a popular activity for visitors to Canada, and some of the whales you can expect to see include humpback whales, orca whales (killer whales), grey whales, blue whales, minke whales, and beluga whales. Canada is a popular path of migration for whales to hunt, making it an incredible country to see whales year round.
Where can you go in Canada to see whales?
To see humpback, orca, minke, and grey whales, your best bet is off the coast of British Columbia where these whales often migrate. BC is also home to a pod of resident orca whales which can be seen most of the year. To see beluga whales, a popular place is in northern Manitoba, as well as northern Quebec.
Consider a trip to Arctic Watch Wilderness Lodge with Quark Expeditions for your best chance of seeing beluga whales!
Vancouver Island Marmot
The Vancouver Island marmot is a larger species of marmot and the largest member of the squirrel family. They are endemic to Vancouver Island off the west coast of Canada, however, have been introduced to breeding centers across Canada. The Vancouver Island marmot measures up to 70cm in length and up to 7kg in weight.
Where to visit to see the Vancouver Island marmot:
The Vancouver Island marmot is found in the high mountainous regions of Vancouver Island. They are considered critically endangered and releases of the species have been conducted in Strathcona Provincial Park, Mount Washington, and Mount Cain.
Polar bears are known for their striking white coats and large size. They are often sought after by travelers who visit the northern region of Canada, namely Churchill, Manitoba. The polar bear is a vulnerable species, largely due to climate change and melting sea ice which provides hunting grounds for the bears. The decline in sea ice means the bears have to travel further to find food, and they have lost much of their ability to camouflage into the white landscapes.
Where is the best wildlife tour in Canada to see polar bears?
The Canadian Arctic including northern Manitoba is where most of the polar bears can be found. It is recommended to join a reputable tour operator when looking for polar bears due to changing weather patterns, and safety for you and the bears alike!
Consider joining G Adventures on this exciting Canadian Polar Bear Experience in Canada!