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POLAR BEAR FACTS
|Scientific Name||Ursus maritimus|
|Height:||1.3 m (Adult, At Shoulder)|
|Lifespan:||20 – 25 years (In the wild)|
|Gestation period:||180 – 250 days|
|Hibernation period:||152 – 213 days|
|Length:||2 m (Adult)|
|Mass:||Male: 270 kg (Inland area population), Female: 130 – 200 kg (Adult)|
More About Polar Bears
Polar bears are the icons of the Arctic. They are the largest land carnivore on the planet with adult males weighing between 800-1,200 lbs and reaching almost 8 feet long. The largest polar bear ever recorded weighed in at over 2,200 pounds!
Polar bears feed primarily on seals which are dense in calories. They prey mainly on Ringed seals, but also the larger Bearded seal. Polar bears may also scavenge on other items such as whale carcasses. These animals hunt on or along ice edges where seals are found. When the pack ice retreats in the summer, polar bears can be found on the mainland until the ice returns.
Polar Bear Facts & Tidbits
Polar bears are circumpolar in the Northern hemisphere, meaning around and near the North Pole. They are found in Arctic regions of the United States, Canada, Greenland, Norway, and Russia within the Arctic Circle.
IUCN Status: Vulnerable / Population Trend: Decreasing
In 2008 the polar bear was listed under the ESA (Endangered Species Act) in the US. Canada and Russia have also listed it as a ‘species of concern’. Polar bear populations are decreasing as a result of climate change and the rapid loss of sea ice which poses the greatest risk to their survival.
Scientists predict that if warming continues in the Arctic due to climate change, polar bear populations will decrease by two-thirds within the next couple of decades.