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AFRICAN ELEPHANT FACTS
|Mass:||African Bush Elephant up to 6000 kg; African Forest Elephant up to 2700 kg|
|Height:||Up to 3.3 m|
More About African Elephants:
There are 2 extant species of African Elephant. The African Bush Elephant and the African Forest Elephant. The two differ mainly in size. The African Bush Elephant is the largest living terrestrial animal standing up to 3.3 m and weighing up to 6000 kg. The African Forest Elephant is the third largest living terrestrial which reaches heights of 2.5 m and a mass of up to 2700 kg.
African elephants are found in East, Central and West Africa, amongst forests, woodlands, scrub and deserts. They live in family units of up to 10 females and their calves, plus one elder female called the “matriarch”.
The gestation period for an elephant calf is 22 months, after which it is cared for by their mother and several females called “allomothers”. Pregnant females generally carry one calf at a time, and has nearly a 5-year break between pregnancies.
African elephants are found in Central, East and West Africa, and they live in forests, shrubs, desert and woodland areas.
The African Elephant is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List. Their biggest threats include illegal poaching and killing for the ivory of their tusks.
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